When you talk about varicose veins (or varicose veins), they refer to a pathological dilation of the veins that mainly affects the lower limbs. The veins are transformed, assuming the typical knotty conformation, due to the lack of muscle tissue inside them. This problem affects both men and women (although the latter is much greater numbers) between the ages of 35 and 60 and is caused by several factors, such as:
Varicose veins lead to a constant sense of heaviness and abnormal swelling in the legs, accompanied by tingling and sometimes cramps. A much more serious pathology related to varicose veins is the insufficiency of the saphenous vein. In this case, the veins fail to flow the right amount of blood from the legs to the heart, causing swelling in the lower limbs. If not treated properly, venous insufficiency can compromise the patient’s motility and, consequently, his lifestyle. So before go to doctor, you must know what is a vein center?
Stripping is the most traditional intervention and consists of the extraction of the vein using a probe previously introduced through the groin. The operation is rather invasive and is performed under general anaesthesia. For these reasons, stripping gives way to the minimally invasive laser surgery of EVLT. The advantages of using this new technology are many:
The new EVLT technique involves the insertion of a very small optical fibre inside the venous vessel to be treated through percutaneous access. Once the probe has been positioned at a distance of about 1.5 cm from the saphenous-femoral ostium, it is extracted by releasing the laser energy. At the end of the operation, an elastic bandage of the treated lower limb is carried out, which will be replaced by elastic stocking the next day at discharge. The patient will be prescribed a simple home therapy and will be able to return to his daily life in a short time.
There is no real cure for varicose veins, although doctors sometimes recommend treatments to relieve the symptoms. The patient suffering from varicose veins must make radical changes to his daily routine, practise physical activity (swimming is particularly indicated), control his weight and trying not to remain standing for many hours. Using elastic stockings also helps to avoid blood stagnation. When even these remedies prove ineffective, surgery is needed.
Unfortunately, almost all the activities you carry out in your daily life are unhealthy and, in general, unfavourable to good venous circulation. Sedentary work, forced to sit or stand for long periods and environments that are often too much and poorly heated are all elements that determine a stagnation of fluids in the lower part of the body and make it difficult for the lymphovenous system to work.
All the activities that lead instead to active and prolonged movement are, on the contrary, useful. Walks, runs, swimming, and free-body activities improve venous return by activating the muscles of the lower limbs and increasing cardiac and respiratory activity.